There are various types of secured lending in the Canadian business environment. Let’s examine some of those secured loans and discuss some of their characteristics.

When most business owners or financial managers think of secured lending they are thinking in terms of their operating loans or operating lines of credit, sometimes called ‘ revolvers’ in finance language.

These loans are used to financing working capital, primarily receivables and inventory. In taking and registering this security the bank or some similar financial institution will take an assignment of these ‘liquid assets’ of the company. On occasion customers will hear the term ‘ demand loan ‘ and we are in effect talking about the same thing.

How does the bank or other institution secure the loan? They register what is known as a General Security Agreement, commonly called a ‘GSA ‘against the business. In determining their security and overall all ‘credit limit’ with the customer they usually agree to advance against 75% of all good receivables, and some component of inventory. We can, as a general rule, say that banks don’t really like inventory – simply because they aren’t set up to liquidate on it when they have to.

If everything goes well that is as much as the business owner really needs to know. The loan is secured, the bank registers a public security against the company, and the company has access to working capital.

How does the Secured Lender realize on the security? Again, we are talking about the worst case scenario when a bank has determined it needs to ‘call the loan ‘, terminology most business owners know too well but hope they never have to live through. The bank is in effect, at that time, attempting to crystallize on its loan. In securing the loan we spoke of the bank or other lending institution taking an assignment of the assets. Now that the loan has been called an actual assignment is enforced – customers are notified by the bank and monies are collected by the bank to reduce the loan outstanding. The bank now finds itself in a position of having to deal with the inventory they did not want to deal with, and we typically find that the inventory is directed to be sold by an auctioneer or salvage firm, who acts as a temporary agent for the bank.

When loans are enforced in such a manner the results are usually disastrous for the customer and have a major impact on the company’s ability to go forward.

Lenders securities agreements in Canada are all registered under Canada’s Person Property Security Act, and are in effect public knowledge for those that wish to investigate secured dealings. This process is very similar to the UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE (UCC) that exists in the U.S., and in fact the security legislation in Canada was very closely model to the U.S. way of secured lending notification.

There are other forms of secured lending Vis Vis equipment, debentures, and security is generally handled in the same manner re: registration, etc.

7 Park Avenue Financial :
South Sheridan Executive Centre
2910 South Sheridan Way
Suite 301
Oakville, Ontario
L6J 7J8

Direct Line = 905 302 4171

Office = 905 829 2653

Email = greg@7parkavenuefinancial.com

http://www.7parkavenuefinancial.com

Business financing for Canadian Firms , specializing in working capital, cash flow, asset based financing , Equipment Leasing , franchise finance and Cdn. Tax Credit Finance . Founded 2004 – Completed in excess of 100 Million $ of financing for Canadian corporations .

‘ Canadian Business Financing With The Intelligent Use Of Experience ‘
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Stan has had a successful career with some of the world’s largest and most successful corporations.
Prior to founding 7 Park Avenue Financial in 2004 his employers over the last 25 years were, ASHLAND OIL, ( 1977-1980) DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION, ( 1980-1990) ) CABLE & WIRELESS PLC,( 1991 -1993) ) AND HEWLETT PACKARD ( 1994-2004 ) He is an expert in Canadian Business Financing.

Stan has over 40 years of business and finance executive experience. He has been recognized as a credit/financial executive for three of the largest technology companies in the world; Hewlett-Packard, Digital Equipment and Cable & Wireless. Stan has had in depth, hands on experience in assessing and evaluating thousands of companies that are seeking financing and expansion. He has been instrumental in helping many companies progress through every phase of financing, mergers & acquisitions, sales and marketing and human resources. Stan has worked with startups and public corporations and has many times established the financial wherewithal of organizations before approving millions of dollars of financing facilities and instruments on behalf of his employers.

Stan Prokop

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7 Park Avenue Financial
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